main
community
contact staff ecs twitter facebook
P-3 Grades 1-3Selected Research & Readings
 
  P-3 GRADES 1-3
 
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings
Other Web Sites
 


P-3
P-3 Child Care
P-3 Content Standards and Assessment
P-3 Data Systems
P-3 Early Intervention (0-3)
P-3 English Language Learners (ELL)
P-3 Ensuring Quality
P-3 Evaluation/Economic Benefits
P-3 Finance
P-3 Governance
P-3 Health and Mental Health
P-3 International Benchmarking
P-3 Kindergarten
P-3 Parent Engagement
P-3 Preschool
P-3 Principals/Leadership
P-3 Public/Private Partnerships
P-3 Special Ed./Inclusion
P-3 Teaching Quality/Professional Development
P-3 Technology


12 for 2012 - 12 for 2012 is an ECS “read of the field,” built on our scrutiny of new reports and research, and our analysis of emerging drivers of change. The 12 policy areas do not represent an exhaustive list of the critical issues for the coming year, nor is this report intended to dictate your education policy priorities for 2012. Rather, 12 for 2012 is intended to stimulate thinking around how best to craft the “2.0” of powerful policy across the states. (ECS, 2012)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Pre-K-12 Literacy PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform examines: 1) low K-12 literacy levels nationally, especially for low-income and diverse student populations; 2) trends on U.S. students’ reading proficiency since the 1970s; 3) the negative impacts correlated with low reading levels; and 4) policy recommendations for improving literacy instruction and achievement, particularly in the early grades. (Karen Schimke, ECS, December 2011)...

Pre-K-3 Newsletter, November 2011 PDF - The November issue of the ECS Pre-K-3 newsletter includes several notes on activities in the states, an update to the Race-to-the-Top Early Learning Initiative, and recent reports which are of interest to educators and policymakers working to improve Pre-K to 3rd grade education. (Education Commission of the States, November 2011)...

Pre-K-3 Newsletter, October 2011 PDF - The October issue of the ECS Pre-K-3 newsletter includes several good reads of issues relevant to early educators and links to four very informative tables from the U.S. Census Bureau’s Statistical Abstract of the United States: 2012 including changes in readiness skills from 1993-2007 and parental involvement in home literacy activities....

PreK-Grade 3 Reading and Literacy Practices That Matter PDF - This Research Review is a snapshot of five recent research studies that address reading and literacy in the early grades. The studies examine topics such as: parental investment in education, instructional practices in a balanced literacy approach, late-emerging reading difficulties, phonics and integrated language arts, and family literacy programs. (ECS, October 2011)...

Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools: A Report on Policy Insights from the Governors' Forum Series - Governors in Arizona, Connecticut, Ohio and Pennsylvania worked with the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF) and the Education Commission of the States (ECS) to convene Governors’ Forums: Linking Ready Kids to Ready Schools, to review and accelerate strategies to help children move seamlessly from the early years to elementary school and beyond. This report provides policy insights from the Governors' Forums series. (ECS and W. K. Kellogg Foundation, March 2009)...

Preschool: How ready is ready for school? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titled will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

The Progress of Education Reform: Science in the Early Years - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform explores the benefits of including a strong science curriculum in the early years and includes recommendations for policymakers. (Kimberly Brenneman, National Institute for Early Education Research and the Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science, June 2014)...

Framework for Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating PreK-3rd Grade Approaches - Eight categories comprise the Framework to develop or improve PreK-3rd grade programs, helping to address key questions: What does a comprehensive PreK-3rd grade program include? What needs to be aligned? The Framework is for schools, school districts, early learning programs, and other community partners independent of geography. (Kristie Kauerz and Julia Coffman, University of Washington College of Education, March 2013)...

Recess and Reading Achievement of Early Childhood Students in Public Schools - Using a nationally representative sample, this study examines reading scores of students who experienced different numbers of recess days in a week, and different numbers and lengths of recess periods in a day. Findings showed no significant main effects of recess; however, students who were exposed to a 16-30 minutes recess period tended to perform better. It was concluded that recess does not have a significant effect on reading achievement. (Arizona State University, April 2012)...

Building Blocks for a Strong Preschool to Early Elementary Education System - This testimony highlights what we know about differences in school readiness, the potential for high quality early learning experiences to prepare children for success in school, and the core building blocks of strong P–3 systems that address readiness gaps and support children’s development as they progress through the early elementary grades. (RAND Corporation, Feb 2012)...

Improving Access to Child Care and Early Education for Immigrant Families: A State Policy Checklist - This checklist helps state leaders gauge the extent to which state policies help immigrant families gain access to child care and early education programs. (Center for Law and Social Policy, undated)...

Chartering Pre-K - This brief argues for the integration of community pre-k programs within charter schools as a way to improve outcomes. The brief also provides ideas on how to address challenges that exist between community-based pre-k providers and charter school authorizers and recommends that states provide more technical assistance to both constituencies. (Sara Mead, National Association of Charter School Authorizers, 2011)...

Building and Supporting an Aligned System: A Vision for Transforming Education Across the Pre-K-Grade Three Years - This statement articulates 10 steps that would promote higher student achievement by creating a more aligned P-3 learning experience. Recommendations touch on improvements in funding strategies and longitudinal data systems while calling for more coherent policies and structures at all levels of government to support P-3 education. The statement also acknowledges the importance of a “research-based” and “age-appropriate” set of standards for the P-3 grades that attend to the development of social-emotional and self-regulatory as well as cognitive and academic skills. (National Association of Elementary School Principals, 2011)...

Pre-K as a School Turnaround Strategy - This brief documents five local efforts in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Missouri, North Carolina and California in which district leaders have embedded high-quality early education as part of their larger school reform initiatives. Based on promising results from many of these districts, the brief provides recommendations for how federal policy makers can use the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to help more districts harness the power of pre-k to create a stronger foundation for school reform. (Anthony Buenafe, Pre-K Now, June 2011)...

Lifecourse Interventions to Nurture Kids Successfully (LINKS) - Child Trend’s new online database called LINKS (Lifecourse Interventions to Nurture Kids Successfully) features over 200 evaluated programs that enhance children’s development, including a category on “Child Care/Early Childhood Education.” (Child Trends, June 2011)...

Double Jeopardy: How Third-Grade Reading Skills and Poverty Influence High School Graduation - A student who can't read on grade level by 3rd grade is four times less likely to graduate by age 19 than a child who does read proficiently by that time. Add poverty to the mix, and a student is 13 times less likely to graduate on time than his or her proficient, wealthier peer. (Donald Hernandez, Annie E. Casey Foundation, April 2011)...

PreK-3rd: Principals as Crucial Instructional Leaders - A discussion of the role that elementary school principals can play in the development of coordinated and integrated prekindergarten through third grade systems. (Sara Mead, Foundation for Child Development, April 2011)...

Pre-K-3rd: Principals as Crucial Instructional Leaders - Policymakers and educators recognize the critical importance of elementary school principals in leading effective schools to improve student achievement. In this report the author finds that principals are especially crucial in Pre-K-3rd settings where instructional leaders must align standards, curriculum, instructional strategies, and assessments from Pre-K through the elementary grades. (Foundation for Child Development, April 2011)...

Getting in Sync: Revamping Licensure and Preparation for Teachers in Pre-K Kindergarten and the Early Grades - Many teachers in the early grades come from K-5 or K-6 degree programs. The courses taught in educator preparation programs show a lack of focused attention on the recent research on emergent literacy in young children. The analysis of research conducted for this report show many examples of where the current system for training and licensing teachers is out of sync with what research and practice indicates is best for young children. (New America Foundation, March 2011)...

Effective Instruction for Maximizing Kindergartners' Reading Achievement - Many schools across the nation are changing from part- to full-day kindergarten programs. State and local agencies need empirically-based evidence on ways that schools and teachers can best structure the additional instructional time of full-day programs to improve children's early reading skills. Nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study indicate the linkage between success in the early grades and kindergarten reading. (AIR, January 2011)...

Research on Early Childhood Education Outcomes - This online chart by The Public Policy Forum in Wisconsin summarizes the findings of more than 20 studies of early childhood education. (Public Policy Forum)...

Lessons in Early Learning: Building an Integrated Pre-K-12 System in Montgomery County Public Schools - The report examined the success of Montgomery Public Schools in the State of Maryland and identified five lessons that should inform other local, district and even national efforts to implement pre-k-3 reforms. (Geoff Marietta, Pre-K Now and Foundation for Child Development, August 2010)...

Learning to Read: Developing 0-8 Information Systems to Improve Third Grade Reading Proficiency - This report provides background on the importance of third grade reading proficiency, resources and promising practices for developing information systems to address third grade reading proficiency, and recommendations for next steps at both the state and community levels. (Charles Bruner, Child and Family Policy Center, August 2010)...

A Review of School Readiness Practices in the States: Early Learning Guidelines and Assessments - According to this brief by Child Trends not all states use school readiness standards well or to their full advantage. While all states have standards in place to assess what children have learned and should be able to do by the end of their pre-k year, only 29 states assess children’s school readiness at the beginning of kindergarten. The brief also provides guiding principles for developing school readiness practices: school readiness is more than academics; policies should examine early education programs and family characteristics and community factors; early learning standards are developmentally appropriate and are aligned with K-12 standards; assessments of young children are appropriate for the age group and scientifically sound. (Child Trends, June 2010)...

The Case for Pre-K in Education Reform - By highlighting the latest independent evaluations of state-funded pre-k programs around the country, this brief argues for the importance of including high-quality early education as a part of state and federal school improvement plans. The brief features new evidence from Oklahoma, Louisiana, Michigan, New Jersey, and New Mexico – beyond the longitudinal studies from 30 or more years ago – to show that high-quality pre-k boosts academic achievement, reduces grade retention, and lowers special education rates. (Albert Wat, Pre-K Now, April 2010)...

Promoting Children’s School Readiness: Rethinking the Levers for Change - This brief discusses argues that while improving teacher-child interactions is an important factor in promoting school readiness, structural quality standards (teacher credentials, class size, child-adult ratio) can also play a role by influencing the impact of these interactions. (Stacie Goffin, National Center for Research on Early Childhood Education, February 2010)...

PreKindergarten-Third Grade: A New Beginning for American Education - This film provides information on the South Shore School, a public PreK-8 school in southeast Seattle. The school serves students who are 50% African American, 30% Asian, 13% white and 7% Latino; and 56% of the students receive free or reduced price lunches. The film shows how by starting earlier, addressing each student's learning strengths and challenges, engaging families and fostering social and emotional development along with academics, the school gets strong results for all children. (The New School Foundation: Foundation for Child Development; September 2009)...

New Leaders, New Directions: Tools for Advancing an Early Childhood Agenda for the Latino Community - This toolkit from the National Council of La Raza provides advocacy tools and tips for promoting more and better early education programs for Latino children. The resource includes advice on message framing, identifying potential partners, coalition building, action planning and media strategies. (Erika Beltran and Sarah Dolan, National Council of LaRaza, July 2009)...

The APPLES Blossom: Abbott Preschool Program Longitudinal Effects Study Preliminary Results Through 2nd Grade - The National Institute for Early Education Research’s (NIEER) multi-year evaluation of state pre-k in New Jersey shows that children attended high-quality pre-k retained an advantage through second grade in math, comprehension and vocabulary skills. According to the study, when compared to children who had no pre-k experience, participants with one year of early education were about 30 percent less likely to be retained and those with two years were 50 percent less likely. (National Institute for Early Education Research, June 2009)...

Promoting Quality PreK-Grade 3 Classrooms - This report discusses major themes from six states’ efforts to align early learning programs with early elementary grades. The states include Georgia, Indiana, Missouri, Nebraska, Oregon and Virginia. (Mariana Hayne, National Association of State Boards of Education, March 2009)...

The Case for Investing in Pre-K-3rd Education: Challenging Myths About School Reform - Solutions pursued by education reformers hinge on the assumptions they make about how and when underachievement occurs. When those assumptions are wrong, when they are myths, even the best laid plans can go astray. This brief makes a case for a more reasoned, realistic approach to school reform. (Rima Shore, Foundation for Child Development, January 2009)...

School Readiness in Hawaii - This report expands the definition of school readiness to include the child, his or her family, the early education setting, the school, and the community. It stresses the importance of improving the structure of early childhood programs, with respect to factors such as teacher education and class size, and the process employed by these programs, such as fostering adult-child relationships and using supportive and appropriate learning experiences. The report also recommends expanding access to quality early education programs for all families, with priority for those in greatest need, and providing retention and intervention programs to the most vulnerable children and families. (The Center on the Family at the University of Hawaii, 2008)...

Latino Legislative Hearing on Pre-K & the Early Grades - Expert testimonies on “Pre-K and the Early Grades” from a hearing organized by the National Association of Latino Elected Officials (NALEO) are compiled in this report, providing a rich knowledge base to inform both practice and advocacy. Topics include: dual-language models that promote bilingualism, program alignment from pre-k through third grade, and early education funding strategies. The report offers recommendations related to teacher quality and professional development, curriculum, parent involvement, funding and program quality. (NALEO Education Leadership Initiative, September 2008)...

Latino Legislative Hearing on Pre-K and the Early Grades - Results of a legislative summit of Latino elected and appointed officials strategizing on closing the education gap for Latino students -- with a focus on early learning and the primary grades. (NALEO Educational Fund, September 2008)...

Putting the Pieces in Place: A North Carolina School Readiness Report - This report expands on the definition of “school readiness” by considering other factors in a child’s life that make for a “ready child.” As a result, the report compiles data on indicators of readiness for children, families, and communities, serving as a baseline against which progress in school readiness can be measured, and recommends ways in which states can help these constituencies ensure they are “ready.” (Action for Children North Carolina, June 2008)...

Revisiting and Updating the Multicultural Principles for Head Start Programs Serving Children Ages Birth to Five - This Office of Head Start document updates their 10 multicultural principles and provides resources, including research summaries and best practices, to help programs translate these concepts into action. (Early Head Start National Resource Center, 2008)...

Breaking Down Barriers: Immigrant Families and Early Childhood Education in New York City - This report from the Coalition for Asian American Children and Families details the challenges that immigrant families have in tapping into New York City's early education system, including linguistic barriers, limited availability of full working-day programs, and misperceptions about eligibility criteria. (Rasmia Kirmani and Vanessa Leung, The Coalition for Asian American Children and Families, May 2008)...

Life Chances: The Case for Early Investment in Our Kid - This special report, featured in “Life Chances,” by The American Prospect, discusses how the momentum behind the pre-k movement is beginning to focus its attention on the larger early childhood system, including prenatal services, programs for infants and toddlers, and the early elementary grades. (The American Prospect, December 2007)...

Village Building and School Readiness: Closing Opportunity Gaps in a Diverse Society - This resource brief is a compilation of several documents focusing on special issues and opportunities for building early learning systems in what have variously been described as vulnerable neighborhoods, disinvested neighborhoods or poor, immigrant and minority communities. (Charles Bruner, Michelle Wright and Syed Noor Tirmizi, Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistant Network, January 2007) ...

Get Ready to Read! - The Get Ready to Read, an initiative of the National Center for Learning Disabilities, is a school readiness toolkit for educators. It provides examples of a readiness indicators checklist, an observation guide, an early literacy screening tool, and other Spanish and English resources to engage parents as partners in school readiness preparation. Benchmarks of a successful transition to kindergarten are also included. (Get Ready to Read)...


Looking for More?

Print Friendly and PDF

4

Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors
pearson

 
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide


Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
 
©2014 Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org | ecs@ecs.org
Read our privacy policy