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At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
No Child Left Behind


Education of Homeless Students: Improved Program Oversight Needed - Federal oversight of aid for students covered by the Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program has dwindled since 2010. Prior to that year, the U.S. Department of Education monitored all 50 states; since 2013, it has monitored three states. Officials from 20 districts said numerous services were provided to homeless youth, but cited limited staff and resources, the cost of transportation and the number of students made homeless by natural disasters as challenges. Without more thorough monitoring, the federal government has no assurance states are complying with program requirements. (GAO, July 2014)...

Supporting Homeless Children and Youth through Proactive and Positive Behavior Management and Intervention Practices - A research summary from the National Center for Homeless Education provides reviews of proactive behavior intervention and management practices including Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS), Responsive Classroom (RC), Response to Intervention (RTI), Character Education (CE), and other classroom behavior management practices appropriate for the individual classroom and the whole school community.(Lynda Thistle-Elliott, National Center for Homeless Education, July 2014)...

Financial Aid for the Unaccompanied Homeless Youth - In 2012, the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY), in partnership with the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) conducted a survey to gather information about the ease with which unaccompanied homeless youth are able to access federal financial aid. Over 900 individuals responded to the survey, representing college access professionals, service providers, public school employees (including school district liaisons), and financial aid administrators. This report outlines findings and offers recommendations. (National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth 2014)...

Education for Homeless Children and Youths Program: Data Collection Summary From the School Year 2011-12 - A record number of U.S. children and youth were homeless in the 2011-12 school year, 1,065,794 students, according to the U.S. Department of Education. The department defines homelessness as having a nighttime residence that is a shelter, hotel/motel, a doubled-up situation or unsheltered. There was a 10% increase from the year before and a 24% increase from 2009-10 to 2011-12. Fifty-one percent of homeless students in grades 3-8 who took state reading test either met or exceeded proficiency standards; 48% met or exceeded proficiency standards in math. National Center for Homeless Education, October 2013)...

Homeless Students in Tennessee Public Schools - This legislative brief describes the federal requirements under the McKinney-Vento Act for states, school districts, and schools concerning the education of homeless children and youth; the effects of homelessness on children and youths’ education, as well as effects for districts and schools; and some characteristics of children and youth in Tennessee who are homeless and enrolled in Tennessee schools, including their academic achievement. (Offices of Research and Education Accountability, Tennessee Comptroller of the Treasury, August 2012)...

School Segregation and Homeless Children and Youth: Questions and Answers - This question-and-answer page defines school segregation when applied to homeless students, sets out the current federal prohibition against segregation of homeless students, and provides reasons for mainstreaming homeless children and youth, as well as “positive practices” by districts nationwide. (National Coalition for the Homeless, 2004)...

Homelessness and Students with Disabilities: Educational Rights and Challenges - Though evidence points to a high prevalence of disabilities among homeless children, many children experiencing homelessness do not receive the special education services to which they are entitled. The authors discuss the unique obstacles homeless children face in being identified for and receiving special education services, and provide policy recommendations to remedy the situation. (Terry L. Jackson, Quick Turn Around, National Association of State Directors of Special Education, January 2004)...

Draft Non-Regulatory Guidance for the Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program - The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 made substantial changes to the McKinney-Vento homeless education program first authorized in 1987. This document clarifies the procedural and funding changes to be effected at the school, district and state levels. (U.S. Department of Education, March 2003)...

Educating Children and Youth in Homeless Situations McKinney-Vento 2001: Law Into Practice Issue Briefs - These two- to four-page briefs offer the basics on staying in compliance with the McKinney-Vento act as reauthorized in the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. In clear and concise language, they specify the requirements and offer policy implementation recommendations on (1) local educational agency liaisons; (2) definition of "homeless"; (3) identifying homeless students; (4) school selection; (5) transportation; (6) enrollment; (7) resolution of disputes over placement and enrollment decisions; (8) unaccompanied youth; (9) homeless students and Title I; (10) what service providers should know about the rights of homeless students; and (11) what LEA administrators must know about the rights of homeless students. (National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, National Center on Homeless Education, National Coalition for the Homeless, National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty and National Network for Youth, 2002)...

Part C of the No Child Left Behind Act: Homeless Education Provisions - This is the language of the most recent amendment to the 1987 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, outlining the responsibilities of the U.S. Secretary of Education, states and districts in providing educational services to homeless children and youth, as well as the funding mechanisms to support homeless education activities. (U.S. Department of Education, 2001)...


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