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Developing a Growth Mindset among High School Students - Students with growth mindsets believe intelligence can be developed and increased over time. This brief gives ways for teachers and schools to help students develop growth mindsets, among them: teach the distinction between fixed and growth mindsets, portray effort as necessary for everyone, build ways for students to learn from and correct mistakes. (The National Center on Scaling Up Effective Schools, October 2014)...

Free to Fail or On-Track to College: Setting the Stage for Academic Challenge -- Classroom Control and Student Support - As policymakers try to increase rigor in America's schools, this research suggests two factors have the strongest relationship to test gains: academic challenge and classroom control. Order is harder to maintain when work becomes more challenging, especially in classrooms of low-achieving students.(Elaine M. Allensworth, et al., University of Chicago Consortium on Chicago School Research, September 2014)...

Homework in America - Homework - is it a burdensome chore for most families or do they think their students need more? While the press has given weight to the homework-as-burden argument, this brief looks at the evidence and suggests fewer parents feel their children have too much. Indeed, the majority would welcome more time-consuming assignments. (Tom Loveless, Brookings, March 2014)...

Evaluation of Expeditionary Learning Middle Schools - The Expeditionary Learning (EL) model operates in 160 schools in 30 states using an interdisciplinary curriculum for students and professional development for teachers and school leaders. In the first rigorous study of EL, researchers found an extra five months of learning growth after two years in reading and an extra seven months of reading growth after three years. In math, EL students gained an extra three months of learning growth after two years and an extra 10 months after three years. (Mathematica, September 2013)...

Effective Programs for Elementary Science: A Best-Evidence Synthesis - This article presents a systematic review of research on the achievement outcomes of all types of approaches to teaching science in elementary schools. The review concludes that science teaching methods focused on enhancing teachers’ classroom instruction throughout the year, such as cooperative learning and science-reading integration, as well as approaches that give teachers technology tools to enhance instruction, have significant potential to improve science learning. (Johns Hopkins University School of Education’s Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (CDDRE), May 2012)...

Motivation, Engagement, and Student Voice - The authors review research on achievement motivation, school engagement, and student voice and highlight what works. They conclude that fostering student voice—empowering youth to express their opinions and influence their educational experiences so that they feel they have a stake in the outcomes—is one of the most powerful tools schools have to increase learning. (Jobs for the Future, 2012)...

WWC Quick Review of "Retrieval Practice Produces More Learning than Elaborative Studying with Concept Mapping" - The study measured the effect of retrieval practice by comparing the test scores of students randomly assigned to use retrieval practice with the test scores of students randomly assigned to use one of three other studying techniques. (Institute of Education Sciences, June 2011)...

Organizing Instruction and Study to Improve Student Learning - Much of teaching is about helping students master new knowledge and skills and then helping students not to forget what they have learned. The recommendations in this practice guide are intended to provide teachers with specific strategies for organizing both instruction and students’ studying of material to facilitate learning and remembering information, and to enable students to use what they have learned in new situations. (Harold Pashler, Patrice M. Bain, Brian Bottge, Arthur Graesser, Kenneth Koedinger, Mark McDaniel and Janet Metcalfe, Institute for Education Science, September 2007)...

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