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Later School Start Times in Adolescence: Time for Change PDF - Opening school doors at the crack of dawn negatively affects the health and overall education of adolescent students in the United States, says a noted British sleep researcher who is urging American policymakers to consider later start times. (Paul Kelley, Ph.D., University of Oxford’s Sleep and Circadian Neuroscience Institute; Clark Lee, J.D., Center for Health and Homeland Security at the University of Maryland, ECS, May 2014) ...

Making Long-Term Memories in Minutes: A Spaced Learning Pattern from Memory Research in Education - Using a timed pattern of three repeated stimuli separated by 10-minute spaces, researchers found rapid long-term memory encoding and significantly higher scores on a national curriculum biology course. (Paul Kelley and Terry Whatson, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, September 2013)...

The Effects of Breakfast on Behavior and Academic Performance in Children and Adolescents - A review of the literature from 1950 to 2013 indicated breakfast's positive effects on on-task classroom behavior. There was also suggestive evidence that habitual breakfast and school breakfast programs have a positive effect on children's academic performance with clearest effects on mathematics and arithmetic in undernourished children. Increased frequency of habitual breakfast was consistently positively associated with academic performance. (Katie Adolphus, Clare L. Lawton and Louise Dye, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, August 2013) ...

Building the Brain’s “Air Traffic Control” System: How Early Experiences Shape the Development of Executive Function - This brief reviews the research literature about the relationship between brain development and self-regulation skills and shows that such skills are foundational to school readiness and social competence. Researchers further illustrate how early experiences – whether at home or in a formal education program – can significantly shape these skills. The brief urges early education programs to more intentionally focus on self-regulation in their curriculum, professional development and assessment. (Center on the Developing Child, Harvard University, 2011)...

Connecting Neurons, Concepts, and People: Brain Development and its Implications - This brief explains that while brain development the brain is most malleable in the early childhood years when its processes are much more fluid and more susceptible to environmental influences and simulation -- both positive and negative. For this reason, homes and early childhood settings with interactive, responsive and engaging adults and peers contribute to healthy brain development. It also means that preventing developmental difficulties is easier when identified in younger children. (Ross Thompson, National Institute for Education Research, 2008)...

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