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From the ECS State Policy Database: Finance--Funding Formulas - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Educational Equity, Adequacy, and Equal Opportunity in the Commonwealth: An Evaluation of Pennsylvania's School Finance System - Pennsylvania's funding formula underfunds many of the state's high-need urban and rural districts. While state average levels of school spending and student achievement are above the national average, equity standards aren't met. Significant numbers of districts serving high-need populations get substantially lower per-pupil spending; large student achievement gaps coincide with district spending gaps. (Bruce Baker and Jesse Levin, American Institutes for Research, October 2014)...

Task Force to Study Education Funding. Final Report - This report to the Connecticut General Assembly is intended to provide recommendations on the Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant formula, which distributes the largest share of state education to districts. The task force examined three specific areas and made recommendations to the general assembly: 1) Education Cost Sharing (ECS) grant formula 2) School choice programs, including magnets and regional agriscience technology centers, and 3) Special education. ...

Funding Formulas at a Glance - 50-state information on school finance formulas. (NCED, 2011)...

Impact of School Finance Reform on Resource Equalization and Academic Performance: Evidence from Michigan - Michigan radically altered its school finance system in 1994, significantly increasing state aid to the lowest-spending school districts and limiting future increases in spending in the highest-spending ones.This effectively abolished local discretion over school spending. This was quite successful in reducing interdistrict spending disparities. There was a positive effect on the student performance in the lowest-spending districts but negative effect on student performance in the highest-spending districts. (Association of School Finance and Policy, May 2011)...


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