main
community
contact staff ecs twitter facebook
HealthSelected Research & Readings
 
  HEALTH
 
What States Are Doing
Selected Research & Readings
Programs & Practices
Other Web Sites
 Mental Health
 Suicide Prevention
 




School Start Times for Adolescents - Early school start times – before 8:30 a.m. – are strongly implicated in adolescent sleep deprivation, according to a statement released this week by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Chronic sleep loss among teenagers has increasingly become the norm due to several factors, including a later release of melatonin, lifestyle choices and academic demands. Later start times, however, are the easiest and cheapest solution. (American Academy of Pediatrics, August 2014)...

TV Watching and Computer Use in U.S. Youth Aged 12 - 15, 2012 - Although experts recommend no more than two hours of TV/computer time for young people a day, most do more. In 2012, 27 percent of youth aged 12 – 15, had two hours or less of TV plus computer daily. Girls were more likely to use the computer two hours or less daily (80.4 percent) than boys (69.4 percent). As weight status increased, the percentage of youth who reported two or fewer hours of screen time decreased. (Kirsten A. Herrick, et al., Centers for Disease Control, July 2014)...

The 2014 United States Report Card on Physical Activity for Children & Youth - An assessment of activity levels in American children and youth concludes they aren't exercising nearly enough. Delivered in the form of a report card, it indicates the level of overall physical activity is a D-, and the percentage of children who walk or bike to school (13 percent) gets an F. The highest grade, B-, was for the proportion of children and youth living in neighborhoods with at least one park or playground (85 percent). (National Physical Activity Plan: Make the Move, May 2014)...

Time to Act: Investing in the Health of Our Children and Communities - Americans think they are healthier than people in other countries, but that is a myth, argues this report, a myth at every economic level, but more so for vulnerable communities. In 1980, the United States was 15th among affluent countries in life expectancy, in 2009, it was 27th. Commissioners presented three recommendations: invest in physical and mental well-being of our youngest children, create communities that foster health-promoting behaviors and broaden health care to promote health outside the medical system.(Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 2014)...

Sports-Related Concussions in Youth: Improving the Science, Changing the Culture - Not enough is known about youth concussions, concludes a committee studying the topic and they recommend many directions for future research. First, not a lot is known about the overall incidence of sports-related concussions in youth so they want to see a national surveillance system. Next, they recommend research on the molecular and functional changes in the brain following injury and whether that varies by gender. Controlled, longitudinal, large-scale studies should be conducted on the effects of repetitive head impacts over a lifetime. And, in a different direction, find out whether rules and standards for safe play affect incidence. Other rich possibilities for exploration include design of more effective safety equipment, and how to change the culture. (Institute of Medicine, National Academies, October 2013)...

The Effects of Breakfast on Behavior and Academic Performance in Children and Adolescents - A review of the literature from 1950 to 2013 indicated breakfast's positive effects on on-task classroom behavior. There was also suggestive evidence that habitual breakfast and school breakfast programs have a positive effect on children's academic performance with clearest effects on mathematics and arithmetic in undernourished children. Increased frequency of habitual breakfast was consistently positively associated with academic performance. (Katie Adolphus, Clare L. Lawton and Louise Dye, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, August 2013) ...

Educating the Student Body: Taking Physical Activity and Physical Education to School - Students should get at least 60 minutes of exercise a day, advises this bulletin, and half of those minutes should be within the school day through recess or dedicated classroom time. The rest can be in before- or after-school programming and intramural sports. Other recommendations include renovating schools in existing neighborhoods rather than locating new schools away from where children live and designating physical education as a core subject. (Institute of Medicine)...

Active Living Research: Using Evidence to Prevent Childhood Obesity and Create Active Communities - Schools play a critical role in helping children lead active, healthy lives. Research shows that kids who move more aren’t just healthier, they also tend to do better academically, behave better in class and miss fewer days of school. This report provides resources which present the best evidence available about a variety of school-based strategies for promoting physical activity. The authors highlight health and policy implications to make changes that will help children be active before, during and after school. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, September 2012)...

Beverages Sold in Public Schools: Some Encouraging Progress, Additional Improvements are Needed - This brief summarizes two recent articles published in Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, which examined the availability of beverages sold in U.S. public elementary, middle and high schools. Data are drawn from surveys of nationally representative samples for five school years, from 2006–07 to 2010–11. The findings identify areas of greatest progress and areas where additional efforts are needed. (Bridging the Gap Program, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, August 2012)...

Childhood Obesity and Nutrition Issues in the United States: An Update on School-based Policies and Practices - This update on School-based Policies and Practices follows a 2005 CEEP brief on this topic. The 2012 brief examines the latest research and statistics and considers reasons for the continuing increase in obesity rates among children, and the latest federal and state initiatives to combat these causes. A summary of 41 wellness policies collected from Indiana school districts is included. The brief also offers conclusions and recommendations to schools, education leaders, policymakers, and parents about how to curb the obesity epidemic. (CEEP, Spring 2012)...

Promoting Physical Activity through Shared Use of School and Community Recreational Resources - A new research brief from Active Living Research summarizes research on community access to school sport and recreation facilities outside of school hours, as well as studies that examine the shared use of school facilities and programs with other community groups or agencies. It also describes challenges commonly associated with the shared use of recreational facilities, and opportunities for policy-makers at the state and local level. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, April 2012)...

Increasing Physical Activity Through Recess - This brief summarizes the growing body of research examining recess, which shows that providing recess during the school day is an effective and efficient way to increase physical activity and improve academic performance among children. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 2012)...

Do All Children Have Places to be Active? Disparities in Access to Physical Activity Environments in Racial and Ethnic Minority and Lower-Income Communities - This report examines the growing body of evidence indicating that racial and ethnic minority, and lower-income, communities do not provide as many built and social environmental supports for physical activity, and summarizes research on racial, ethnic and economic disparities in obesity and physical activity rates among children and adults. (Wendell Taylor and Deborah Lou, Active Living Research, November 2011)...

School Health Profiles 2010: Characteristics of Health Programs Among Secondary Schools - The School Health Profiles (Profiles) is a system of surveys assessing school health policies and practices in states, large urban school districts, territories, and tribal governments. Profiles surveys are conducted every 2 years by education and health agencies among middle and high school principals and lead health education teachers. Profiles monitors the status of: school health education requirements and content, physical education requirements, school health policies related to HIV infection/AIDS, tobacco-use prevention, and nutrition, asthma management activities, and family and community involvement in school health programs. (CDC, November 2011)...

Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP) Survey - Executive Summary of the 2011 survey results. (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 2011)...

The Health and Well-Being of Children in Rural Areas: A Portrait of the Nation 2007 - This report presents findings on the health and well-being of children in rural areas, including national and state level data. It highlights statistical information on the overall health status of children in rural areas including oral, physical, and mental health; health care utilization; insurance status; social well-being; and environmental risk factors experienced by children in rural areas in the context of their families and communities. The chartbook includes figures, references, and appendices. (Health Resources and Services Administration, September 2011)...

Improving Child Nutrition Policy: Insights from National USDA Study of School Food Environments - The Third School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Study resulted in findings about competitive foods - those offered in vending machines, a la carte lines and school stores - available to students in school and highlight the success of the National School Lunch Program in reducing the use of competitive foods by students. Policy recommendations, based on comprehensive analysis of the data, are included. (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, February 2009)...


Looking for More?

Print Friendly and PDF

4

Thank you, Issue Site Sponsors
pearson

 
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide


Information provided by ECS combines the best of the most recent and useful research available. Should you have questions, please contact our Information Clearinghouse at 303.299.3675.

700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
 
©2014 Education Commission of the States
www.ecs.org | ecs@ecs.org
Read our privacy policy