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At-Risk (incl. Dropout Prevention)
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Minority/Diversity Issues
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Student Achievement
Student Achievement--Closing the Achievement Gap

Disproportionate Impact of K-12 School Suspension and Expulsion on Black Students in Southern States - To equip those concerned with the school-to-prison pipeline and the educational mistreatment of Black students, researchers compiled data on suspension/expulsion in 13 Southern states. Nationally, 1.2 million Black students were suspended from K-12 schools in a single academic year - 55 percent of those suspensions occurred in 13 Southern states. Blacks comprised 74 percent of suspensions from public schools in Mississippi, the highest proportion among the states; Florida had the greatest number. (Edward J. Smith and Shaun R. Harper, University of Pennsylvania Center for the Study of Race and Equity in Education, August 2015)...

The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2014: African American Students - Only 5 percent of ACT-tested African American high school graduates met all four ACT benchmarks indicating college readiness. Recommendations for improvement include alignment of curriculum to standards, experiential learning opportunities and teacher professional development. Also, define standards so "how good is good enough" is well known, monitor student growth, invest in early childhood, implement early warning systems and continue fair teacher evaluation. (ACT, July 2015)...

Advancing the Success of Boys and Men of Color in Education: Recommendations for Policymakers - Diversity researchers from seven higher-education institutions identify ways to improve education and career outcomes for boys and men of color. Recommendations run from K-12 to postsecondary. In K-12, they advised interventions to ensure third-grade reading proficiency; in postsecondary, that colleges create early-warning systems that identify students who may be slipping off the path. (Consortium of Seven Centers that Investigate the Educational Experiences of Boys and Men of Color, September 2014)...

Unlocking Opportunity for African American Girls: A Call to Action for Educational Equity - African American girls and women face significant barriers to educational achievement and as a result suffer poor economic outcomes. The suspension rate for African American girls is around 12 percent, six times the rate of white girls. In 2010, more than one third did not graduate on time, compared to 19 percent of female white students. They are least likely to graduate from high school with college credit and the least likely to earn high scores on college entrance exams. (Leticia Smith-Evans, et al., NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund and National Women's Law Center, September 2014)...

Preschool-to-Kindergarten Transition Patterns for African American Boys - Four patterns emerged following a study of African American boys transitioning from preschool to kindergarten. Just over half (51%) of the boys showed significant academic gains. A sizeable group (19%) were low preschool achievers whose scores fell further after transition. The smallest group (11%) were early preschool achievers who declined academically and behaviorally in kindergarten. Then there were consistent early achievers - 20% - who were high performing achievers in preschool and remained so in kindergarten. (Iheoma Iruka, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina, January 2014)...

Road to Equity: Expanding AP Access and Success for African-American Students - Of 75 school districts whose demographics make them eligible for the Broad Prize for Urban Education, only six have student populations in which African-American students were improving their passing rates for Advanced Placement (AP) exams while keeping participation levels steady. This brief explores strategies used by all six, among them: cast a wider net for academic potential, impose a rigorous curriculum in elementary school, apply gifted strategies to all children, open AP to everyone, offer a broad array of support, and place a premium on teacher training. (Broad Prize for Urban Education, Summer 2013)...

Positioning Young Black Boys for Educational Success - The achievement gaps that exist today are an affront to a society committed to equal educational opportunity and are a drag on the nation's economy, prosperity and competitiveness. The large gap between Black males and others exists before these children start school and continues throughout their lifespan. The gap and the plight of Black males was the focus of two recent ETS conferences that are highlighted in this issue of ETS Policy Notes. (Educational Testing Service, Fall 2011)...

A Call to Action to Raise Achievement for African American Students - The first part of this brief summarizes key results for African Americans on the state tests used for accountability under the No Child Left Behind Act. The second part of the brief considers policies that could be undertaken at the local, state and federal level to raise achievement for African American students. The authors arrived at these policy implications after reviewing studies by other researchers about possible factors underlying the black-white achievement gap and possible strategies to address the gap. (Center on Education Policy, June 2010)...

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