contact staff ecs twitter facebook

research studies database
Research Studies provide concise, bulleted Findings, Policy Implications, and Recommendations on key issues, such as:

  • High school rigor and exit exams
  • Better serving English language learners
  • Boosting reading and math achievement
  • College entry and completion
  • Reducing dropout rates and increasing graduation rates
  • And many more!  (Go to the database.)

progress of education reform
progress of ed reformThe Progress of Education Reform addresses the hottest education issue and provides information in a concise and easy-to-read format based on the most recent studies and reports.

ECS Document Collections
ECS regularly issues useful compilations, summaries and/or comparisons of state policies—enacted or pending—on a wide variety of education topics, listed on the right. For a list of our most current documents, please see our What's New page.

Please use the links below to download PDFs that include all the documents for a given year.

If you'd like to order a print copy, contact the ECS Distribution Center at 303.299.3692 or

Reprint Permission
ECS is pleased to have other organizations or individuals share its materials with their constituents. To request permission to excerpt part of our publications either in print
or electronically, please e-mail, subject: Reprint Permission. State the full name of the document, and supply detail about how the permission will be used (audience, quantity, etc).  A response will be provided within 24 hours.



ECS Policy Analysis Topics:

(Note: Not all topics have an ECS document associated with them. If you are looking for information on a specific topic, you can use our search function.)

Career/Technical Education

The Progress of Education Reform: Career and Technical Education PDF - Across the 50 states, career and technical education (CTE) programs at the K-12 and postsecondary levels have seen enormous policy action — 2013 alone saw at least 78 substantive policy changes via legislation, substantive state board rules and executive orders specific to CTE and workforce development. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, April 2014)...

CTE Dual Enrollment: A Strategy for College Completion and Workforce Investment PDF - Dual enrollment programs are expanding -- and so are dual enrollment programs with a career and technical education (CTE) focus. The most recent data available from the National Center on Education Statistics show that 82 percent of high schools had students enrolling in dual enrollment coursework in 2010-11. Research makes it clear that CTE dual enrollment courses improve outcomes for traditionally underserved students. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, March 2014)...

Career/Technical Education: Not Your Father's Vocational Education - Driven by a gap between employee skills and employer needs, growth in skilled occupations requiring technical certification, and an interest in improving high school graduation rates by getting students to see the connection between acquiring skills and qualifying for high-wage jobs, Career/Technical Education (CTE)is enjoying a resurgence. Among departures from traditional vocational education are integrating CTE and academic coursework and reframing dual enrollment programs. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, February 2013)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Career/Technical Education PDF - This issue of the Progress of Education Reform identifies new approaches states are adopting to support career-readiness for students. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, February 2013)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Career/Technical Education--Career Academies/Apprenticeship - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Noteworthy State Legislation for Improving Career and Technical Education PDF - States have been working to increase the rigor and effectiveness of career and technical education to both meet the needs of their students and to address the workforce needs of the state and the nation. This StateNote, while not exhaustive, highlights efforts in the states that appear to be "ahead of the curve" in state policy approaches. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, September 2009)...

Career/Technical Education - This database provides 50-state information on numerous state policies with implications for student access to and quality of high school career/technical education programs. (Melodye Bush, Education Commission of the States, August 2008)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Career/Technical Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Online Databases
Roll over each database for a description.

p-3 archived databases
kindergarten artscan
k-12 choice
12-grade transitions highly qualified requirements for special ed
charter NCLB
choice-open enrollment NCLB snaps
citizen-ed kindergarten
dual leadership
english language learners Paraprofessionals: Explore our findings for Title I Instructional Paraprofessional qualifications and certification requirements, paraprofessional professional development programs and state assessments for paraprofessionals.
high school literacy
K-12 teacher certification
school accountability teacher comp
state funding for students with disabilities Teacher Professional Development
service-learning teacher prep
teacher tenure special-ed teacher certification
postsecondary dual
blueprint charter
transfer and articulation Postsecondary
Home  |  About ECS  |  Education Issues A-Z  | Research Studies  |  Reports & Databases  |  State Legislation  |  State Profiles  |  Projects & Institutes  |  Newsroom  |  Website User's Guide
700 Broadway, #810 Denver, CO 80203-3442
Phone: 303.299.3600 | Fax: 303.296.8332
©2015 Education Commission of the States |
Read our privacy policy