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research studies database
Research Studies provide concise, bulleted Findings, Policy Implications, and Recommendations on key issues, such as:

  • High school rigor and exit exams
  • Better serving English language learners
  • Boosting reading and math achievement
  • College entry and completion
  • Reducing dropout rates and increasing graduation rates
  • And many more!  (Go to the database.)

progress of education reform
progress of ed reformThe Progress of Education Reform addresses the hottest education issue and provides information in a concise and easy-to-read format based on the most recent studies and reports.

ECS Document Collections
ECS regularly issues useful compilations, summaries and/or comparisons of state policies—enacted or pending—on a wide variety of education topics, listed on the right. For a list of our most current documents, please see our What's New page.

Please use the links below to download PDFs that include all the documents for a given year.

If you'd like to order a print copy, contact the ECS Distribution Center at 303.299.3692 or

Reprint Permission
ECS is pleased to have other organizations or individuals share its materials with their constituents. To request permission to excerpt part of our publications either in print
or electronically, please e-mail, subject: Reprint Permission. State the full name of the document, and supply detail about how the permission will be used (audience, quantity, etc).  A response will be provided within 24 hours.



ECS Policy Analysis Topics:

(Note: Not all topics have an ECS document associated with them. If you are looking for information on a specific topic, you can use our search function.)

English Language Learner/Bilingual

ECS and National Experts Examine: State-level English language learner policies - The Education Commission of the States convened a group of national experts to reflect on available research, practice and state policy around the topic of English language learners (ELLs) and to make recommendations in areas where potential impact at the state level is the greatest. The policy recommendations they suggested during the meeting are summarized in this report. (Micah Ann Wixom, ECS, March 2015) ...

State funding mechanisms for English language learners - As demographics of the nation’s schools continue to shift, state-level policy surrounding English language learners (ELLs) becomes increasingly important. Information regarding the various methods of funding of ELL students can be confusing and difficult to locate. This report provides a clear and detailed description of the ways states finance ELLs and allows policymakers to evaluate their own funding models against those from other states. (Maria Millard, ECS, January 2015) ...

Learning English in rural America - English language learners (ELLs) — students whose primary language is other than English — are the fastest-growing major school population in the United States. These increases are forcing rural communities to rethink the best ways to teach English as a second language while simultaneously teaching the new, more rigorous Common Core State Standards. This brief explores the ways rural districts are addressing the challenge. (Carol Kreck, ECS, November 2014)...

2014 Legislative Report: Limited English Proficient - This report provides a history and overview of Idaho's Limited English Proficient (LEP) program, LEP assessments, budget, program types, and data on LEP students....

The Progress of Education Reform: English Language Learners - The latest issue of the Progress of Education Reform explores the research and data underscoring the urgency of better serving the growing English language learner (ELL) population, and highlights research and approaches that may inform state responses. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, ECS, December 2013)...

English Language Learners: Which approaches best impact achievement? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

From the ECS State Policy Database: English Language Learner/Bilingual - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Instructional Approaches--Official English - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Online Databases
Roll over each database for a description.

p-3 archived databases
kindergarten artscan
k-12 choice
12-grade transitions highly qualified requirements for special ed
charter NCLB
choice-open enrollment NCLB snaps
citizen-ed kindergarten
dual leadership
english language learners Paraprofessionals: Explore our findings for Title I Instructional Paraprofessional qualifications and certification requirements, paraprofessional professional development programs and state assessments for paraprofessionals.
high school literacy
K-12 teacher certification
school accountability teacher comp
state funding for students with disabilities Teacher Professional Development
service-learning teacher prep
teacher tenure special-ed teacher certification
postsecondary dual
blueprint charter
transfer and articulation Postsecondary
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