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research studies database
Research Studies provide concise, bulleted Findings, Policy Implications, and Recommendations on key issues, such as:

  • High school rigor and exit exams
  • Better serving English language learners
  • Boosting reading and math achievement
  • College entry and completion
  • Reducing dropout rates and increasing graduation rates
  • And many more!  (Go to the database.)

progress of education reform
progress of ed reformThe Progress of Education Reform addresses the hottest education issue and provides information in a concise and easy-to-read format based on the most recent studies and reports.

ECS Document Collections
ECS regularly issues useful compilations, summaries and/or comparisons of state policies—enacted or pending—on a wide variety of education topics, listed on the right. For a list of our most current documents, please see our What's New page.

Please use the links below to download PDFs that include all the documents for a given year.

If you'd like to order a print copy, contact the ECS Distribution Center at 303.299.3692 or jivey@ecs.org.

Reprint Permission
ECS is pleased to have other organizations or individuals share its materials with their constituents. To request permission to excerpt part of our publications either in print
or electronically, please e-mail ecs@ecs.org, subject: Reprint Permission. State the full name of the document, and supply detail about how the permission will be used (audience, quantity, etc).  A response will be provided within 24 hours.

 

 

ECS Policy Analysis Topics:

(Note: Not all topics have an ECS document associated with them. If you are looking for information on a specific topic, you can use our search function.)

Curriculum

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Computer Science - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

The Progress of Education Reform: Science in the Early Years - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform explores the benefits of including a strong science curriculum in the early years and includes recommendations for policymakers. (Kimberly Brenneman, National Institute for Early Education Research and the Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science, June 2014)...

The Progress of Education Reform: Math in the Early Years PDF - This issue of The Progress of Education Reform reveals five surprising findings about the strong relationship between early math instruction and later student achievement. Researchers have found that early knowledge of math not only predicts later success in math, but also predicts later reading achievement even better than do early reading skills. The paper concludes with implications and recommendations for state policy that will support the development of early math competencies and young children. (Doug Clements and Julie Sarama, University of Denver, October 2013)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Health and Nutrition Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

50-State Mathematics Requirements for the Standard High School Diploma PDF - Math graduation requirements: This report specifies the high school graduation requirements in math in the 50 states. It notes two growing trends in state-set math graduation requirements – the ever-larger number of states requiring four units of math to graduate, and the small but growing number of states specifying that a math course must be taken each year of high school or in the student's senior year. (Jennifer Dounay Zinth, Education Commission of the States, March 2012)...

Mathematics: Which practices impact student achievement? - Access related research titles from the ECS Research Studies Database. Links embedded in titles will take you to each study's major findings and recommendations....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Postsecondary Students--International - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Students--K-12 Exchange Students - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Alignment - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Censorship - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Excusal - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Home Economics - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

High School-Level STEM Initiatives - This database provides information on a variety of state efforts intended to increase student interest and achievement in science, technology, engineering and mathematics in grades 9-12. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, June 2008)...

International Baccalaureate Database - The International Baccalaureate (IB) program offers highly motivated students the opportunity to complete a cohesive, challenging curriculum aligned with international standards. This 50-state database, focused on the IB Diploma Program for 11th and 12th graders, provides information on numerous state policies related to program quality and access. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, August 2007)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: International Baccalaureate - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

What Policymakers Need to Know About the Cost of Implementing Lab-Based Science Course Requirements MS Word PDF - An increasing number of states have required that some – or all – Carnegie units in science for high school graduation be fulfilled by lab sciences. This ECS Policy Brief examines the research that supports implementing lab science requirements for high school graduation; the number of states requiring science lab credits for high school graduation; the costs associated with fitting schools with science labs – in terms of capital, equipment, operations, maintenance and other needs; and the alternatives to traditional labs and their respective benefits and disadvantages in terms of cost, space, teaching staff needs and student learning. (Mike Griffith, Education Commission of the States, June 2007)...

Sex Education Laws in the States MS Word PDF - Laws concerning sex education vary significantly in their scope and type among the states. This ECS StateNote examines these laws in 38 states, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, February 2007)...

Science Graduation Requirements: Classes of 2006 Through 2011 MS Word PDF - Many states are increasing the minimum number of science units a student must complete to earn a high school diploma. This document provides an overview of the trend through the class of 2011. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, Updated August 2006)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Family Living Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

High School Graduation Requirements: English - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in English/language arts. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

High School Graduation Requirements: Foreign Language - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in foreign language. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

High School Graduation Requirements: Science - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in science. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

School Graduation Requirements: Social Studies - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in social studies, including world history and geography. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

Standard High School Graduation Requirements - This database provides 50-state information on high school graduation requirements in all subject areas. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, January 2006)...

Policies Dealing With Evolution in Select States MS Word PDF - As is the case with many issues, in crafting standards for science education – especially those that deal with evolution – policymakers have had to grapple with competing demands of the citizenry. This ECS StateNote illustrates policies on evolution education in select states and districts. (Kyle Zinth, Education Commission of the States, December 2005)...

State Policies Concerning Holocaust Education MS Word PDF - Even though World War II ended over 60 years ago, Holocaust education did not. Decades later the world is still learning about the atrocities that occurred. This ECS StateNote describes state education policy concerning the Holocaust. Some states have formed commissions, councils or task forces on Holocaust education and others have implemented state policy that mandates instruction of the Holocaust as part of state curriculum. (Dustin D. Weeden, ECS, June 2005)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--International Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Advanced Placement (AP) Exams with an International Focus 2001 State-by-State Comparison MS Word PDF - Multistate compilations of AP examinations: (1) 2001 European History, (2) 2001 French Language/Literature, (3) 2001 German Language, (4) 2001 Comparative Government & Politics, (5) 2001 Human Geography, 2001 Spanish Language/Literature and (6) 2001 Participation in AP Examinations with an International Focus (all). (Jennifer Azordegan, Education Commission of the States, September 2002)...

State Policies Encouraging/Requiring Foreign Language Instruction Apart from High School Graduation Requirements MS Word PDF - The No Child Left Behind Act brings attention to the importance of foreign-language instruction by including the Foreign Language Assistance Act of 2001. The Foreign Language Incentive Program in this act, offers public elementary schools grants to provide foreign-language instruction. States have addressed these issues by recommending or requiring that schools offer or students receive foreign-language instruction before the high school grades. Here is a list of state education policies encouraging or mandating foreign-language instruction in presecondary- or secondary-level grades, separate from high school graduation requirements. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, September 2002)...

International Education MS Word - How are schools preparing American students to understand the international events unfolding around them? Do students understand and appreciate persons from diverse cultures around the world? Since September 11, 2001, these questions have taken on increased significance, and in the interest of sound education policy, state leaders are responding by taking another look at the strength of international education components in schools. (Jennifer Dounay, Education Commission of the States, September 2002)...

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Physical Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Mathematics - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Arts Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Core Curriculum - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Drivers Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Environmental Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Financial Literacy/Economics Ed. - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Foreign Language/Sign Language - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Geography Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Language Arts - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Language Arts--Writing/Spelling - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Multicultural - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Sex Education - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Social Studies/History - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

From the ECS State Policy Database: Curriculum--Science - This policy database—updated weekly—is made possible by your state's fiscal support of the Education Commission of the States....

Online Databases
Roll over each database for a description.

p-3 archived databases
kindergarten artscan
k-12 choice
charter highly qualified requirements for special ed
choice-open enrollment NCLB
citizen-ed NCLB snaps
dual kindergarten
high school leadership
K-12 Paraprofessionals: Explore our findings for Title I Instructional Paraprofessional qualifications and certification requirements, paraprofessional professional development programs and state assessments for paraprofessionals.
school accountability literacy
service-learning teacher certification
teacher tenure teacher comp
postsecondary Teacher Professional Development
blueprint teacher prep
Postsecondary special-ed teacher certification
transfer and articulation dual
charter
 
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