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Scheduling/School Calendar
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 Summer School

Scheduling/School Calendar--Summer School

Scheduling of the school day and year have changed dramatically since the beginning of the 20th Century, when, as a component of child labor laws, states began requiring children to attend minimum numbers of days of school per school year.

In an effort to provide children with a time structure that allows them to learn as much and as best they can, while at the same time trying to stretch facilities and teacher resources as far as possible, policymakers are examining whether adjusting the length and structure of the school day, week and year can accomplish these goals. States are examining whether the substantial cost of lengthening the school year is affordable and worth the potential payoff in increased student learning. Many schools and districts have tried year-round schooling to try to stem the documented student learning loss that takes place over the summer months. A number of secondary schools around the country have adopted block schedules, offering students fewer classes of greater length per semester, on the basis of studies that suggest it may enhance students' in-depth learning and improve other classroom factors.

The documents posted to the Scheduling/School Calendar Web site include recent legislative initiatives to modify the academic day, week or year in the states, state-by-state information on school calendar and year-round school policies, as well as research on the effect of longer school years and later school starting times on student achievement.

For information about the related issues of compulsory education and summer school, please see the Attendance and Summer School Issue pages on the ECS Web site.


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